GM Family 1 engine

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This article is about the automobile engines used in a variety of GM vehicles. For the group of Greek Gospel manuscripts, see Family 1.
Family 1
Overview
Manufacturer General Motors
Also called
  • E-TEC
  • Family I
  • Small-block
Production 1982–present 1
Combustion chamber
Configuration
Cylinder block alloy Cast iron
Cylinder head alloy Aluminium
Combustion
Fuel type
Oil system Wet sump
Cooling system Water-cooled
Chronology
Predecessor
Successor

The Family 1 is a straight-4 piston engine that was developed by Opel, a subsidiary of General Motors to replace the Opel CIH engines for use on mid-range cars from Opel/Vauxhall. Originally produced at the Aspern engine plant, production was moved to the Szentgotthard engine plant in Hungary2 with the introduction of the DOHC version. GM do Brasil at São José dos Campos,3 GMDAT at Bupyeong and GM North America at Toluca also build these engines.

The Family 1 engines are inline-4 cylinder engines with an belt-driven aluminum cylinder head with a cast iron engine block. GM do Brasil versions were also capable of running on ethanol. These engines are sometimes referred to as "Small-block" engines by enthusiasts; in contrast to the larger Family II engines which are sometimes referred to as the "Big-block" engines.

GM do Brasil specializes in SOHC, petrol-powered and FlexPower (powered with ethanol and/or petrol, mixed in any percentage) engines. GM Brasil also made 16-valve versions of the 1.0 and 1.6 engines. The 1.0 L 16v was available in the Corsa line-up from 1999 to 2001. The 1.6 L 16v was available in the Corsa GSi hatchback and the Chevrolet Corsa sedán and station wagon GLS trim.

SOHC

SOHC
Opel Astra F Caravan 1993 07.jpg
Overview
Production 1982–present
Combustion chamber
Displacement
  • 999 cc (61.0 cu in)
  • 1,195 cc (72.9 cu in)
  • 1,297 cc (79.1 cu in)
  • 1,389 cc (84.8 cu in)
  • 1,598 cc (97.5 cu in)
  • 1,796 cc (109.6 cu in)
Cylinder bore
  • 71.1 mm (2.80 in)
  • 72.0 mm (2.83 in)
  • 75.0 mm (2.95 in)
  • 77.6 mm (3.06 in)
  • 77.8 mm (3.06 in)
  • 79.0 mm (3.11 in)
  • 80.5 mm (3.17 in)
Piston stroke
  • 62.9 mm (2.48 in)
  • 73.4 mm (2.89 in)
  • 81.5 mm (3.21 in)
  • 88.2 mm (3.47 in)
Valvetrain Single overhead cam
Compression ratio
  • 8.6:1
  • 9.5:1
  • 9.8:1
Combustion
Fuel system
Fuel type

1.0

The 999 cc (61.0 cu in) version has a 71.1 mm (2.80 in) bore and a 62.9 mm (2.48 in) stroke.

Engine Power Torque Compression Ratio Fuel Delivery Engine Management Applications
X10YFH 58–60 kW (78–80 bhp) at 6400 rpm 93–96 N·m (69–71 lb·ft) at 5200 rpm 12.6:1 Multi-point fuel injection

1.2

The 1,195 cubic centimetres (72.9 cu in) version was used in the Opel Corsa.4

Engine4 Power Torque Compression Ratio Fuel Delivery Engine Management Applications
12NV 52 hp (39 kW) at 5800 rpm 86 N·m (63 lb·ft) at 2600 rpm Carburetor Opel Corsa A
12ST 54 hp (40 kW) at 5600 rpm 90 N·m (66 lb·ft) at 2200 rpm Carburetor Opel Corsa A
A12ST 50 hp (37 kW) at 5600 rpm 88 N·m (65 lb·ft) at 2200 rpm Carburetor Opel Corsa A
C12NZ 45 hp (34 kW) at 5000 rpm 88 N·m (65 lb·ft) at 2400 rpm Opel Corsa A
S12ST 54 hp (40 kW) at 5600 rpm 90 N·m (66 lb·ft) at 2200 rpm Carburetor Opel Corsa A

1.3

The 1,297 cc (79.1 cu in) version has a 75.0 mm (2.95 in) bore and a 73.4 mm (2.89 in) stroke.

Engine4 Power Torque Compression Ratio Fuel Delivery Engine Management Applications
13N 60 hp (45 kW) at 5800 rpm 94–96 N·m (69–71 lb·ft) at 3800 rpm
13Nb 60 hp (45 kW) at 5800 rpm 96 N·m (71 lb·ft) at 3200 rpm Opel Corsa A
13S 68–75 hp (51–56 kW) at 5800 rpm 96–101 N·m (71–74 lb·ft) at 3800–4600 rpm
13SB 70 hp (52 kW) at 5800 rpm 101 N·m (74 lb·ft) at 3800–4200 rpm Opel Corsa A
13SH 83 hp (62 kW) at 5800 rpm 108 N·m (80 lb·ft) at 4200 rpm Opel Corsa A

1.4

The 1,389 cc (84.8 cu in) version has a 77.6 mm (3.06 in) bore and a 73.4 mm (2.89 in) stroke.

Engine5 Power Torque Compression Ratio Fuel Delivery Engine Management Applications
14NV 72 hp (54 kW) at 5600 rpm 108 N·m (80 lb·ft) at 3000 rpm Opel Corsa A
C14NZ 60 hp (45 kW) at 5600 rpm 103 N·m (76 lb·ft) at 2600 rpm
C14SE 82 hp (61 kW) at 5200 rpm 116 N·m (86 lb·ft) at 3400 rpm Opel Corsa A
Chevrolet Kalos/Aveo
X14YFL 89–97 hp (66–72 kW) at 6200 rpm 122–127 N·m (90–94 lbf·ft) 12.4:1 Multi-point fuel injection Chevrolet Prisma
X14YFH 99–105 hp (74–78 kW) at 6000 rpm 129–131 N·m (95–97 lbf·ft) 12.4:1 Multi-point fuel injection
N14YF 97–102 hp (72–76 kW) at 6000 rpm 126–132 N·m (93–97 lbf·ft) at 3200 rpm 12.4:1 Multi-point fuel injection

1.6

The 1,598 cc (97.5 cu in) version has a 79.0 mm (3.11 in) bore and a 81.5 mm (3.21 in) stroke.

Engine5 Power Torque Compression Ratio Fuel Delivery Engine Management Applications
C16NZ 72–75 hp (54–56 kW) at 5200 rpm 125 N·m (92 lb·ft) at 2800 rpm Opel Corsa A
C16SE 100 hp (75 kW) at 5800 rpm 135 N·m (100 lb·ft) at 3400 rpm 9.8:1 multi-point fuel injection
C16SEI 98 hp (73 kW) at 5600 rpm 132 N·m (97 lb·ft) at 3400 rpm Opel Corsa A
E16SE 100 hp (75 kW) at 5800 rpm 135 N·m (100 lb·ft) at 3400 rpm Opel Corsa A
L73 74 hp (55 kW) at 5600 rpm 120 N·m (90 lb·ft) at 2800 rpm 8.6:1 throttle-body fuel injection
Z16SE 64 kW (86 hp) at 5400 rpm 133 N·m (98 lb·ft) at 3000 rpm
  • Opel Astra G
  • Opel Combo C
  • Opel Corsa C

1.8

The 1,796 cc (109.6 cu in) version has a 80.5 mm (3.17 in) bore and a 88.2 mm (3.47 in) stroke.

Engine Power Torque Compression Ratio Fuel Delivery Engine Management Applications
N18XFH 106–108 hp (79–81 kW) at 5600 rpm 161–168 N·m (119–124 lb·ft) at 3200 rpm 10.5:1 Multi-point fuel injection


Applications:

SPE / 4

The SPE / 4 or (Smart Performance Economy 4 cylinders) engines are an evolution of the Econo.Flex engines and are produced at the Joinville engine plant. There are to two variants the 1.0 L and 1.4 L. They feature a SOHC with 2-valves per cylinder, multi-point fuel injection and can run on either ethanol or gasoline. Major differences between previous engines include reduced friction, lowered weight, individual coil-near-plug ignition, and a new cylinder head..

Name Displacement Bore Stroke Compression Ratio Power Torque Applications
1.0 L (999 cc) 71.1 mm (2.8 in) 62.9 mm (2.5 in) 12.4:1
  • 78 hp (58 kW) at 6400 rpm (Petrol)
  • 80 hp (60 kW) at 6400 rpm (Ethanol)
  • 93 N·m (69 lb·ft) at 5200 rpm (Petrol)
  • 96 N·m (71 lb·ft) at 5200 rpm (Ethanol)
1.4 L (1389 cc) 77.6 mm (3.1 in) 73.4 mm (2.9 in)
  • 98 hp (73 kW) at 6000 rpm (Petrol)
  • 106 hp (79 kW) at 6000 rpm (Ethanol)
  • 127 N·m (94 lb·ft) at 4800 rpm (Petrol)
  • 136 N·m (100 lb·ft) at 4800 rpm (Ethanol)

DOHC

DOHC
X18XE1.JPG
X18XE1
Overview
Production 19922-present
Combustion chamber
Configuration
Displacement
  • 1,389 cc (84.8 cu in)
  • 1,598 cc (97.5 cu in)
  • 1,796 cc (109.6 cu in)
Cylinder bore
  • 77.6 mm (3.06 in)
  • 79 mm (3.1 in)
  • 80.5 mm (3.17 in)
Piston stroke
  • 73.4 mm (2.89 in)
  • 81.5 mm (3.21 in)
  • 88.2 mm (3.47 in)
Valvetrain Dual overhead cam
Compression ratio
  • 10.5:1
Combustion
Fuel system
Fuel type

Pre-Ecotec

This was the first engine in this family, featuring a Lotus-developed 16-valve cylinder head and a cast-iron cylinder block which was essentially the same as in Opel's 8-valve engines. C16XE was available only in Corsa GSi, model years 1993 and 1994. C16XE was not yet badged Ecotec, and for later model Corsas and Opel Tigras it was replaced with X16XE Ecotec engine. The main difference between C16XE and X16XE Ecotec is emission control, C16XE lacks EGR and AIR-system, although the cylinder head is designed to enable these features. Other differences between C16XE and later versions of the engine include intake manifold, C16XE has a plastic upper intake manifold, which was replaced with a cast aluminium manifold, and fuel injection system, C16XE uses Multec fuel injection with MAF sensor and later models used Multec fuel injection with MAP sensor. Also, while C16XE had its own exhaust front section design, for X16XE it was replaced with a front section used also in Opel Astra, probably as a cost-saving measure.

Name Displacement Bore Stroke Compression Ratio Power
C16XE 1.6 L (1598 cc) 79 mm (3.1 in) 81.5 mm (3.21 in) 10.5:1 80 kW (110 hp)

Applications:

Ecotec

The first generation Ecotec engines are belt-driven 16-valve DOHC engines, with cast-iron cylinder blocks and aluminum cross-flow cylinder heads. They feature sodium-filled exhaust valves, a cast steel crankshaft, and a spheroidal graphite flywheel. They also feature exhaust gas recircualtion (EGR), secondary air injection, and Multec M engine control with sequential multiport fuel injection.

Name Displacement Bore Stroke Compression Ratio Power Torque
X14XE 1.4 L (1389 cc) 77.6 mm (3.1 in) 73.4 mm (2.9 in) 10.5:1 66 kW (89 hp) 125 N·m (92 lb·ft)
X16XEL 1.6 L (1598 cc) 79 mm (3.1 in) 81.5 mm (3.2 in) 74 kW (99 hp) 150 N·m (110 lb·ft)
X16XE 78 kW (105 hp)
X18XE1 1.8 L (1796 cc) 80.5 mm (3.2 in) 88.2 mm (3.5 in) 85 kW (114 hp) 167 N·m (123 lb·ft)

Applications:

TwinPort

Updated version introduced in 2000, with lighter cast-iron cylinder block and camshaft driven by toothed belt. Features EGR valve and TwinPort variable intake geometry – twin intake ports with a choke closing one of the ports at low RPM, providing strong air swirl pattern for higher torque levels and better fuel economy. The drive belt for the camshafts is wider and stronger than before, and water pump is not driven by it anymore which improves reliability.

Name Displacement Bore Stroke Compression Ratio Power Torque Applications
Z14XE 1.4 L (1389 cc) 77.6 mm (3.1 in) 73.4 mm (2.9 in) 10.5:1 66 kW (89 hp) 120 N·m (89 lb·ft)
Z16XE 1.6 L (1598 cc) 79 mm (3.1 in) 81.5 mm (3.2 in) 77 kW (103 hp) 150 N·m (110 lb·ft)
Z18XE 1.8 L (1796 cc) 80.5 mm (3.2 in) 88.2 mm (3.5 in)
  • 90 kW (120 hp)
  • 92 kW (123 hp)
167 N·m (123 lb·ft)

Ecotec TwinPort Family 1 engine is used in:

E-TEC

E-TEC
GM E-TEC 1.5 16V DOHC engine in Daewoo Lanos.jpg
1.5 L E-TEC 16V
Overview
Also called
  • E-Tec
  • E-TEC II
  • E-TEC 16V
  • E-TEC II 16V
Production -2009
Combustion chamber
Displacement
  • 1,349 cc (82.3 cu in)
  • 1,498 cc (91.4 cu in)
  • 1,598 cc (97.5 cu in)
Cylinder bore
  • 76.5 mm (3.01 in)
  • 77.6 mm (3.06 in)
  • 79.0 mm (3.11 in)
Piston stroke
  • 73.4 mm (2.89 in)
  • 81.5 mm (3.21 in)
Valvetrain
Combustion
Fuel system Sequential multi-port fuel injection
Fuel type

Daewoo Motors licensed and produced a variant of the Family 1 engine. These engines were built exclusively at Bupyeong engine plant and marketed as E-TEC. Like all Family 1 engines they feature a toothed belt driven valvetrain, a cast iron engine block and an aluminum cylinder head. Most models feature Euro III-compliancy, and the 1.4 L (1399 cc) and 1.6 L (1598cc) versions employ variable intake geometry. With the release of Chevrolet Cruze, the factory has been converted to produce the Ecotec Family 1 Gen III block.

SOHC

Name Displacement Bore Stroke Compression Ratio Power Torque
A13SMS 1.3 L (1349 cc) 76.5 mm (3.01 in) 73.4 mm (2.89 in)
LV8 1.5 L (1498 cc) 76.5 mm (3.01 in) 81.5 mm (3.21 in)

Applications:

DOHC

The E-TEC II 16V is an updated version of the E-TEC engines with DOHC.

Name Displacement Bore Stroke Compression Ratio Power Torque
(L95) 1.4 L (1399 cc) 77.9 mm (3.1 in) 73.4 mm (2.9 in) 9.5:1 70 kW (94 hp) at 6200 rpm 127 N·m (94 lb·ft) at 3400 rpm
(LDT) 74 kW (99 hp) at 6400 rpm 131 N·m (97 lb·ft) at 4200 rpm
1.5 L (1498 cc) 76.5 mm (3.01 in) 81.5 mm (3.21 in) 63 kW (84 hp) at 5400 rpm 131 N·m (97 lb·ft) at 3000 rpm
(L91) 1.6 L (1598 cc) 79 mm (3.1 in) 77 kW (103 hp) at 6000 rpm 145 N·m (107 lb·ft) at 3600 rpm
(LXT) 77 kW (103 hp) at 5800 rpm 145 N·m (107 lb·ft) at 3400 rpm

Applications:

Generation III

Generation III
Overview
Also called
  • Fam1 Gen3
  • Gen III
  • Gen 3
  • Generation 3
Production 2005–present
Combustion chamber
Configuration
Displacement
  • 1,598 cc (97.5 cu in)
  • 1,796 cc (109.6 cu in)
Cylinder bore
  • 79 mm (3.1 in)
  • 80.5 mm (3.17 in)
Piston stroke
  • 81.5 mm (3.21 in)
  • 88.2 mm (3.47 in)
Valvetrain Dual overhead cam
Combustion
Fuel system
Fuel type

The new Generation III or Gen III engine entered production in Spring 2005. These engines replaced both the previous generation Ecotec engines as well as Daewoo's E-TEC 16V engines. These engines are manufactured at Szentgotthárd, Hungary, Bupyeoung, Korea, Toluca, Mexico and Yantai, PRC (SGM).

In contrast to their predecessors, the Gen III engines feature lighter cast-iron blocks, as well as higher compression ratios. These engines also implement DCVCP (Double Continuous Variable Cam Phasing technology, a variant of VVT), piston cooling by oil jets, and an integrated catalytic converter. Non-turbocharged variants feature the TwinPort (Variable-length intake manifold) technology.

The LDE engine meets Euro VI and KULEV emission standards. With the addition of secondary air injection to the LUW engine, the LWE achieves PZEV status.

Name Displacement Bore Stroke Compression Ratio Power Torque
A16XER (LDE) 1.6 L (1598 cc) 79 mm (3.1 in) 81.5 mm (3.2 in) 10.8:1 85 kW (114 hp) at 6000 rpm 155 N·m (114 lb·ft) at 4000 rpm
(LXV) 81 kW (109 hp) at 6400 rpm 142 N·m (105 lb·ft) at 4000 rpm
(LGE) 10.5:1 110 kW (150 hp) at 5000 rpm
  • 210 N·m (150 lb·ft) at 2300–5000 rpm (CNG)
  • 180 N·m (130 lb·ft) at 2300–5000 rpm (Gasoline)
Z16LEL 8.8:1 110 kW (150 hp) at 5000 rpm 210 N·m (150 lb·ft) at 1850–5000 rpm
A16LEL
Z16LET 132 kW (177 hp) at 5500 rpm 230 N·m (170 lb·ft) at 2200–5400 rpm
A16LET (LLU)
Z16LER 141 kW (189 hp) at 5000 rpm 230 N·m (170 lb·ft) at 1980–5800 rpm
A16LER (LDW) 141 kW (189 hp) at 5850 rpm
  • 230 N·m (170 lbf·ft)
  • 266 N·m (196 lbf·ft) at 1980–5850 rpm (Overboost)
A16LES 150 kW (200 hp) at 5850 rpm
  • 250 N·m (180 lbf·ft)
  • 280 N·m (210 lbf·ft) at 2250–5850 rpm (Overboost)
Z18XER 1.8 L (1796 cc) 80.5 mm (3.2 in) 88.2 mm (3.5 in) 10.5:1 103 kW (138 hp) at 6300 rpm 175 N·m (129 lb·ft) at 3800 rpm
A18XER (2H0)
P18XER (LWE)
U18XFR (LUW)
N18XFF (LFH) 107 kW (143 hp) at 6300 rpm 185 N·m (136 lb·ft) at 3800 rpm

Applications:

Turbocharged Gen III engines are used in:

See also

References

  1. ^ "Werk Aspern Plant. Facts and Figures". Retrieved 18 July 2014. 
  2. ^ a b "Szentgotthard Plant. Facts and Figures". Opel Media. Retrieved 28 May 2014. 
  3. ^ http://www.acma.in/docmgr/Mission_Report_Attachments/Annexure_7.pdf. Retrieved 23 May 2014.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  4. ^ a b c "Motoroversigt. Opel Benzin- og Diesel-motorer (‘57-’86)" [Engine overview: Opel petrol and diesel engines] (in Danish). historisk-opelklub.dk. 2011. p. 2. Retrieved 23 May 2014. 
  5. ^ a b Oversigt, p. 3

External links


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